Definitions for: Ruff

[n] (cards) the act of taking a trick with a trump when unable to follow suit
[n] common Eurasian sandpiper; male has an erectile ruff in breeding season
[n] a high tight collar
[v] play a trump, in card games

Webster (1913) Definition: Ruff, n. [F. ronfle; cf. It. ronfa, Pg. rufa, rifa.]
(Card Playing)
(a) A game similar to whist, and the predecessor of it.
(b) The act of trumping, especially when one has no card of
the suit led.

Ruff, v. i. & t. (Card Playing)
To trump.

Ruff, n. [Of uncertain origin: cf. Icel. r?finn rough,
uncombed, Pr. ruf rude, rough, Sp. rufo frizzed, crisp,
curled, G. raufen to pluck, fight, rupfen to pluck, pull, E.
rough. [root]18. Cf. Ruffle to wrinkle.]
1. A muslin or linen collar plaited, crimped, or fluted, worn
formerly by both sexes, now only by women and children.

Here to-morrow with his best ruff on. --Shak.

His gravity is much lessened since the late
proclamation came out against ruffs; . . . they were
come to that height of excess herein, that twenty
shillings were used to be paid for starching of a
ruff. --Howell.

2. Something formed with plaits or flutings, like the collar
of this name.

I reared this flower; . . . Soft on the paper ruff
its leaves I spread. --Pope.

3. An exhibition of pride or haughtiness.

How many princes . . . in the ruff of all their
glory, have been taken down from the head of a
conquering army to the wheel of the victor's
chariot! --L'Estrange.

4. Wanton or tumultuous procedure or conduct. [Obs.]

To ruffle it out in a riotous ruff. --Latimer.

5. (Mil.) A low, vibrating beat of a drum, not so loud as a
roll; a ruffle.

6. (Mach.) A collar on a shaft ot other piece to prevent
endwise motion. See Illust. of Collar.

7. (Zo["o]l.) A set of lengthened or otherwise modified
feathers round, or on, the neck of a bird.

8. (Zo["o]l.)
(a) A limicoline bird of Europe and Asia ({Pavoncella, or
Philommachus, pugnax}) allied to the sandpipers. The
males during the breeding season have a large ruff of
erectile feathers, variable in their colors, on the
neck, and yellowish naked tubercles on the face. They
are polygamous, and are noted for their pugnacity in
the breeding season. The female is called reeve, or
(b) A variety of the domestic pigeon, having a ruff of its

Ruff, v. t. [imp. & p. p. Ruffed; p. pr. & vb. n.
1. To ruffle; to disorder. --Spenser.

2. (Mil.) To beat with the ruff or ruffle, as a drum.

3. (Hawking) To hit, as the prey, without fixing it.

Ruff, Ruffe Ruffe, n. [OE. ruffe.] (Zo["o]l.)
A small freshwater European perch (Acerina vulgaris); --
called also pope, blacktail, and {stone, or striped,

Synonyms: choker, neck ruff, Philomachus pugnax, ruffle, trump, trumping

See Also: bridge, collar, crossruff, fraise, genus Philomachus, go, move, neckband, overtrump, Philomachus, play, reeve, sandpiper, turn

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