Definitions for: Rough

[n] the part of a golf course bordering the fairway where the grass is not cut short
[adv] with rough motion as over a rough surface; "ride rough"
[adv] with roughness or violence; "he was pushed roughly aside"; (`rough' is informal as in"they treated him rough")
[adj] ready and able to resort to force or violence; "pugnacious spirits...lamented that there was so little prospect of an exhilarating disturbance"- Herman Melville; "they were rough and determined fighting men"
[adj] unpleasantly harsh or grating in sound; "a gravelly voice"
[adj] violently agitated and turbulent; "boisterous winds and waves"; "the fierce thunders roar me their music"- Ezra Pound; "rough weather"; "rough seas"
[adj] not shaped by cutting or trimming; "an uncut diamond"; "rough gemstones"
[adj] full of hardship or trials; "the rocky road to success"; "they were having a rough time"
[adj] not quite exact or correct; "the approximate time was 10 o'clock"; "a rough guess"; "a ballpark estimate"
[adj] unpleasantly stern; "wild and harsh country full of hot sand and cactus"; "the nomad life is rough and hazardous"
[adj] not perfected; "a rough draft"; "a few rough sketches"
[adj] (of persons or behavior) lacking refinement or finesse; "she was a diamond in the rough"; "rough manners"
[adj] not carefully or expertly made; "managed to make a crude splint"; "a crude cabin of logs with bark still on them"; "rough carpentry"
[adj] having or caused by an irregular surface; "trees with rough bark"; "rough ground"; "a rough ride"; "rough skin"; "rough blankets"; "his unsmooth face"; "unsmooth writing"
[adj] (botany) of the margin of a leaf shape; having the edge cut or fringed or scalloped
[v] prepare in preliminary or sketchy form
[v] draw up an outline or sketch for something; "draft a speech"

Webster (1913) Definition: Rough, a. [Compar. Rougher; superl. Roughest.] [OE.
rou?, rou, row, rugh, ruh, AS. r?h; akin to LG. rug, D. rug,
D. ruig, ruw, OHG. r?h, G. rauh, rauch; cf. Lith. raukas
wrinkle, rukti to wrinkle. [root] 18. Cf. Rug, n.]
1. Having inequalities, small ridges, or points, on the
surface; not smooth or plain; as, a rough board; a rough
stone; rough cloth. Specifically:
(a) Not level; having a broken surface; uneven; -- said of
a piece of land, or of a road. ``Rough, uneven ways.''
(b) Not polished; uncut; -- said of a gem; as, a rough
(c) Tossed in waves; boisterous; high; -- said of a sea or
other piece of water.

More unequal than the roughest sea. --T. Burnet.
(d) Marked by coarseness; shaggy; ragged; disordered; --
said of dress, appearance, or the like; as, a rough
coat. ``A visage rough.'' --Dryden. ``Roughsatyrs.''

2. Hence, figuratively, lacking refinement, gentleness, or
polish. Specifically:
(a) Not courteous or kind; harsh; rude; uncivil; as, a
rough temper.

A fiend, a fury, pitiless and rough. --Shak.

A surly boatman, rough as wayes or winds.
(b) Marked by severity or violence; harsh; hard; as, rough
measures or actions.

On the rough edge of battle. --Milton.

A quicker and rougher remedy. --Clarendon.

Kind words prevent a good deal of that
perverseness which rough and imperious usage
often produces. --Locke.
(c) Loud and hoarse; offensive to the ear; harsh; grating;
-- said of sound, voice, and the like; as, a rough
tone; rough numbers. --Pope.
(d) Austere; harsh to the taste; as, rough wine.
(e) Tempestuous; boisterous; stormy; as, rough weather; a
rough day.

He stayeth his rough wind. --Isa. xxvii.

Time and the hour runs through the roughest day.
(f) Hastily or carelessly done; wanting finish;
incomplete; as, a rough estimate; a rough draught.

Rough diamond, an uncut diamond; hence, colloquially, a
person of intrinsic worth under a rude exterior.

Rough and ready.
(a) Acting with offhand promptness and efficiency. ``The
rough and ready understanding.'' --Lowell.
(b) Produced offhand. ``Some rough and ready theory.''

Rough, n.
1. Boisterous weather. [Obs.] --Fletcher.

2. A rude fellow; a coarse bully; a rowdy.

In the rough, in an unwrought or rude condition;
unpolished; as, a diamond or a sketch in the rough.

Contemplating the people in the rough. --Mrs.

Rough, adv.
In a rough manner; rudely; roughly.

Sleeping rough on the trenches, and dying stubbornly in
their boats. --Sir W.

Rough, v. t.
1. To render rough; to roughen.

2. To break in, as a horse, especially for military purposes.

3. To cut or make in a hasty, rough manner; -- with out; as,
to rough out a carving, a sketch.

Roughing rolls, rolls for reducing, in a rough manner, a
bloom of iron to bars.

To rough it, to endure hard conditions of living; to live
without ordinary comforts.

Synonyms: abrasive, aggressive, alligatored, angulate, approximate, approximative, ballpark, barky, bidentate, biserrate, boisterous, bouldered, bouldery, broken, bullate, bumpy, cacophonic, cacophonous, chapped, ciliate, ciliated, corded, corduroy(a), costate, cracked, cragged, craggy, crenate, crenated, crenulate, crenulated, crispate, crude, crushed, dentate, denticulate, difficult, draft, emarginate, erose, fierce, fimbriate, fringed, grating, gravel, gravelly, hard, harsh, hilly, homespun(p), imbricate, imbricated, inexact, jagged, jaggy, jarring, jolting, jolty, lacerate, laciniate, lepidote, leprose, lined, log(a), mountainous, notched, nubbly, nubby, outline, pectinate, pique, pocked, pockmarked, potholed, puckered, pugnacious, rasping, raspy, ribbed, rimose, rocky, rough in, rough out, roughened, roughish, roughly, rough-textured, rugged, rugose, runcinate, sandpapery, saw-toothed, scabby, scabrous, scalloped, scaly, scratchy, scurfy, seamed, serrate, serrated, serrulate, shagged, shaggy, slubbed, spinose, squamulose, stony, stormy, textured, toothed, tweedy, twill, twilled, uncut, unpleasant, unpolished, unrefined, unsheared, unskilled, unsmooth, verrucose, wartlike, warty

Antonyms: cut, smooth

See Also: coarse, compose, compound, golf course, golf links, indite, irregular, land site, links, nonslippery, pen, prepare, simple, site, uneven, unironed, unsubdivided, wrinkled, write

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