Definitions for: Proposition

[n] (logic) a statement that affirms or denies something and is either true or false
[n] the act of making a proposal; "they listened to her proposal"
[n] a proposal offered for acceptance or rejection
[v] suggest sex to; "She was propositioned by a stranger at the party"

Webster (1913) Definition: Prop`o*si"tion, n. [L. propositio: cf. F.
proposition. See Propound.]
1. The act of setting or placing before; the act of offering.
``Oblations for the altar of proposition.'' --Jer. Taylor.

2. That which is proposed; that which is offered, as for
consideration, acceptance, or adoption; a proposal; as,
the enemy made propositions of peace; his proposition was
not accepted.

3. A statement of religious doctrine; an article of faith;
creed; as, the propositions of Wyclif and Huss.

Some persons . . . change their propositions
according as their temporal necessities or
advantages do turn. --Jer. Taylor.

4. (Gram. & Logic) A complete sentence, or part of a sentence
consisting of a subject and predicate united by a copula;
a thought expressed or propounded in language; a from of
speech in which a predicate is affirmed or denied of a
subject; as, snow is white.

5. (Math.) A statement in terms of a truth to be
demonstrated, or of an operation to be performed.

Note: It is called a theorem when it is something to be
proved, and a problem when it is something to be done.

6. (Rhet.) That which is offered or affirmed as the subject
of the discourse; anything stated or affirmed for
discussion or illustration.

7. (Poetry) The part of a poem in which the author states the
subject or matter of it.

Leaves of proposition (Jewish Antiq.), the showbread.
--Wyclif (Luke vi. 4).

Syn: Proposal; offer; statement; declaration.

Usage: Proposition, Proposal. These words are both from
the Latin verb proponere, to set forth, and as here
compared they mark different forms or stages of a
negotiation. A proposition is something presented for
discussion or consideration; as, propositions of
peace. A proposal is some definite thing offered by
one party to be accepted or rejected by the other. If
the proposition is favorably received, it is usually
followed by proposals which complete the arrangement.

Synonyms: proffer, proposal, suggestion

See Also: advance, advise, approach, axiom, breath, conclusion, converse, feeler, ghost, hint, intimation, lemma, negation, overture, posit, postulate, presentation, propose, ratiocination, speech act, statement, suggest, term, theorem, touch, trace

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