Definitions for: Lathe


[n] machine tool for shaping metal or wood; the workpiece turns about a horizontal axis against a fixed tool



Webster (1913) Definition: Lathe, n. [AS. l[=ae][eth]. Of. uncertain origin.]
Formerly, a part or division of a county among the
Anglo-Saxons. At present it consists of four or five
hundreds, and is confined to the county of Kent. [Written
also lath.] --Brande & C.


Lathe, n. [OE. lathe a granary; akin to G. lade a chest,
Icel. hla[eth]a a storehouse, barn; but cf. also Icel.
l["o][eth] a smith's lathe. Senses 2 and 3 are perh. of the
same origin as lathe a granary, the original meaning being, a
frame to hold something. If so, the word is from an older
form of E. lade to load. See Lade to load.]
1. A granary; a barn. [Obs.] --Chaucer.

2. (Mach.) A machine for turning, that is, for shaping
articles of wood, metal, or other material, by causing
them to revolve while acted upon by a cutting tool.



3. The movable swing frame of a loom, carrying the reed for
separating the warp threads and beating up the weft; --
called also lay and batten.

Blanchard lathe, a lathe for turning irregular forms after
a given pattern, as lasts, gunstocks, and the like.

Drill lathe, or Speed lathe, a small lathe which, from
its high speed, is adapted for drilling; a hand lathe.

Engine lathe, a turning lathe in which the cutting tool has
an automatic feed; -- used chiefly for turning and boring
metals, cutting screws, etc.

Foot lathe, a lathe which is driven by a treadle worked by
the foot.

Geometric lathe. See under Geometric

Hand lathe, a lathe operated by hand; a power turning lathe
without an automatic feed for the tool.

Slide lathe, an engine lathe.

Throw lathe, a small lathe worked by one hand, while the
cutting tool is held in the other.

See Also: bench lathe, carriage, chuck, handwheel, shaper, shaping machine

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