Definitions for: Declension

[n] a class of nouns or pronouns or adjectives in Indo-European languages having the same (or very similar) inflectional forms; "the first declension in Latin"
[n] a downward slope or bend
[n] process of changing to an inferior state
[n] the inflection of nouns and pronouns and adjectives in Indo-European languages

Webster (1913) Definition: De*clen"sion, n. [Apparently corrupted fr. F.
d['e]clinaison, fr. L. declinatio, fr. declinare. See
Decline, and cf. Declination.]
1. The act or the state of declining; declination; descent;

The declension of the land from that place to the
sea. --T. Burnet.

2. A falling off towards a worse state; a downward tendency;
deterioration; decay; as, the declension of virtue, of
science, of a state, etc.

Seduced the pitch and height of all his thoughts To
base declension. --Shak.

3. Act of courteously refusing; act of declining; a
declinature; refusal; as, the declension of a nomination.

4. (Gram.)
(a) Inflection of nouns, adjectives, etc., according to
the grammatical cases.
(b) The form of the inflection of a word declined by
cases; as, the first or the second declension of
nouns, adjectives, etc.
(c) Rehearsing a word as declined.

Note: The nominative was held to be the primary and original
form, and was likened to a perpendicular line; the
variations, or oblique cases, were regarded as fallings
(hence called casus, cases, or fallings) from the
nominative or perpendicular; and an enumerating of the
various forms, being a sort of progressive descent from
the noun's upright form, was called a declension.

Declension of the needle, declination of the needle.

Synonyms: declination, decline, decline in quality, declivity, descent, deterioration, downslope, fall, worsening

Antonyms: acclivity, ascent, climb, raise, rise, upgrade

See Also: category, class, decline, diminution, downhill, family, incline, inflection, inflexion, noun, side, slope, steep

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