Definitions for: Chain

[n] a series of (usually metal) rings or links fitted into one another to make a flexible ligament
[n] a necklace made by a stringing objects together; "a string of beads" or"a strand of pearls"
[n] anything that acts as a restraint
[n] metal shackles; for hands or legs
[n] a number of similar establishments (stores or restaurants or banks or hotels or theaters) under one ownership
[n] a series of things depending on each other as if linked together; "the chain of command"; "a complicated concatenation of circumstances"
[n] a series of linked atoms (generally in an organic molecule)
[n] a series of hills or mountains; "the valley was between two ranges of hills"; "the plains lay just beyond the mountain range"
[n] British biochemist (born in Germany) who isolated and purified penicillin, which had been discovered in 1928 by Sir Alexander Fleming (1906-1979)
[n] a unit of length
[v] fasten or secure with chains; "Chain the chairs together"
[v] connect or arrange into a chain by linking

Webster (1913) Definition: Chain, n. [F. cha[^i]ne, fr. L. catena. Cf. Catenate.]
1. A series of links or rings, usually of metal, connected,
or fitted into one another, used for various purposes, as
of support, of restraint, of ornament, of the exertion and
transmission of mechanical power, etc.

[They] put a chain of gold about his neck. --Dan. v.

2. That which confines, fetters, or secures, as a chain; a
bond; as, the chains of habit.

Driven down To chains of darkness and the undying
worm. --Milton.

3. A series of things linked together; or a series of things
connected and following each other in succession; as, a
chain of mountains; a chain of events or ideas.

4. (Surv.) An instrument which consists of links and is used
in measuring land.

Note: One commonly in use is Gunter's chain, which consists
of one hundred links, each link being seven inches and
ninety-two one hundredths in length; making up the
total length of rods, or sixty-six, feet; hence, a
measure of that length; hence, also, a unit for land
measure equal to four rods square, or one tenth of an

5. pl. (Naut.) Iron links bolted to the side of a vessel to
bold the dead-eyes connected with the shrouds; also, the

6. (Weaving) The warp threads of a web. --Knight.

Chain belt (Mach.), a belt made of a chain; -- used for
transmitting power.

Chain boat, a boat fitted up for recovering lost cables,
anchors, etc.

Chain bolt
(a) (Naut.) The bolt at the lower end of the chain plate,
which fastens it to the vessel's side.
(b) A bolt with a chain attached for drawing it out of

Chain bond. See Chain timber.

Chain bridge, a bridge supported by chain cables; a
suspension bridge.

Chain cable, a cable made of iron links.

Chain coral (Zo["o]l.), a fossil coral of the genus
Halysites, common in the middle and upper Silurian
rocks. The tubular corallites are united side by side in
groups, looking in an end view like links of a chain. When
perfect, the calicles show twelve septa.

Chain coupling.
(a) A shackle for uniting lengths of chain, or connecting
a chain with an object.
(b) (Railroad) Supplementary coupling together of cars
with a chain.

Chain gang, a gang of convicts chained together.

Chain hook (Naut.), a hook, used for dragging cables about
the deck.

Chain mail, flexible, defensive armor of hammered metal
links wrought into the form of a garment.

Chain molding (Arch.), a form of molding in imitation of a
chain, used in the Normal style.

Chain pier, a pier suspended by chain.

Chain pipe (Naut.), an opening in the deck, lined with
iron, through which the cable is passed into the lockers
or tiers.

Chain plate (Shipbuilding), one of the iron plates or
bands, on a vessel's side, to which the standing rigging
is fastened.

Chain pulley, a pulley with depressions in the periphery of
its wheel, or projections from it, made to fit the links
of a chain.

Chain pumps. See in the Vocabulary.

Chain rule (Arith.), a theorem for solving numerical
problems by composition of ratios, or compound proportion,
by which, when several ratios of equality are given, the
consequent of each being the same as the antecedent of the
next, the relation between the first antecedent and the
last consequent is discovered.

Chain shot (Mil.), two cannon balls united by a shot chain,
formerly used in naval warfare on account of their
destructive effect on a ship's rigging.

Chain stitch. See in the Vocabulary.

Chain timber. (Arch.) See Bond timber, under Bond.

Chain wales. (Naut.) Same as Channels.

Chain wheel. See in the Vocabulary.

Closed chain, Open chain (Chem.), terms applied to the
chemical structure of compounds whose rational formul[ae]
are written respectively in the form of a closed ring (see
Benzene nucleus, under Benzene), or in an open
extended form.

Endless chain, a chain whose ends have been united by a

Chain, v. t. [imp. p. p. Chained (ch[=a]nd); p. pr. &
vb. n. Chaining.]
1. To fasten, bind, or connect with a chain; to fasten or
bind securely, as with a chain; as, to chain a bulldog.

Chained behind the hostile car. --Prior.

2. To keep in slavery; to enslave.

And which more blest? who chained his country, say
Or he whose virtue sighed to lose a day? --Pope.

3. To unite closely and strongly.

And in this vow do chain my soul to thine. --Shak.

4. (Surveying) To measure with the chain.

5. To protect by drawing a chain across, as a harbor.

x0 <= x1 <= x2 ...

for all x,y in S, x <= y / y <= x.

Synonyms: chain of mountains, chains, chemical chain, concatenation, Ernst Boris Chain, iron, irons, mountain chain, mountain range, range, range of mountains, Sir Ernst Boris Chain, strand, string

Antonyms: unchain

See Also: Adirondack Mountains, Adirondacks, Admiralty Range, Alaska Range, Alleghenies, Allegheny Mountains, Alps, anchor chain, Andes, Apennines, Appalachian Mountains, Appalachians, apparel chain, arrange, Balkan Mountain Range, Balkan Mountains, Balkans, Berkshire Hills, Berkshires, bicycle, bicycle chain, bike, biochemist, Black Hills, Blue Ridge, Blue Ridge Mountains, bond, building block, business, business concern, business organisation, business organization, Cantabrian Mountains, Cascade Range, Cascades, catena, Catskill Mountains, Catskills, Caucasus, Caucasus Mountains, chain printer, chain store, chain tongs, chain wrench, chatelaine, closed chain, Coast Mountains, Coast Range, concatenate, concern, constraint, Cumberland Mountains, Cumberland Plateau, discount chain, Dolomite Alps, engineer's chain, fasten, fix, fob, foot, formation, ft, geological formation, geology, Great Smoky Mountains, Guadalupe Mountains, Gunter's chain, hamper, High Sierra, Himalaya Mountains, Himalayas, Hindu Kush, Hindu Kush Mountains, Karakoram, Karakoram Range, Karakorum Range, Kuenlun, Kuenlun Mountains, Kunlun, Kunlun Mountains, ligament, linear unit, link, massif, Mesabi Range, molecule, mountain pass, Mustagh, Mustagh Range, Nan Ling, nautical chain, necklace, notch, open chain, Ozark Mountains, Ozark Plateau, Ozarks, pace, pass, pull chain, Pyrenees, restaurant chain, restraint, retail chain, ring, Rockies, Rocky Mountains, Sacramento Mountains, secure, series, set up, shackle, sierra, Sierra Madre Occidental, Sierra Madre Oriental, Sierra Nevada, Sierra Nevada Mountains, snow chains, St. Elias Mountains, St. Elias Range, Teton Range, the Alps, the Himalaya, Tien Shan, tire chains, trammel, trammels, Tyan Shan, unit, Ural Mountains, Urals, watch chain, watch guard, wheel, yard

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