Definitions for: Absorb


[v] cause to become one with; "The sales tax is absorbed into the state income tax"
[v] engage or engross wholly; "Her interest in butterflies absorbs her completely"
[v] engross (oneself) fully; "He immersed himself into his studies"
[v] take up, as of knowledge or beliefs
[v] take in, also metaphorically; "The sponge absorbs water well"; "She drew strength from the minister's words"
[v] become imbued; of liquids, light, or gases, in chemistry
[v] take up, as of debts or payments; "absorb the costs for something"
[v] suck or take up or in; "A black star absorbs all matter"



Webster (1913) Definition: Ab*sorb", v. t. [imp. & p. p. Absorbed; p. pr. & vb.
n. Absorbing.] [L. absorbere; ab + sorbere to suck in, akin
to Gr. ?: cf. F. absorber.]
1. To swallow up; to engulf; to overwhelm; to cause to
disappear as if by swallowing up; to use up; to include.
``Dark oblivion soon absorbs them all.'' --Cowper.

The large cities absorb the wealth and fashion. --W.
Irving.

2. To suck up; to drink in; to imbibe; as a sponge or as the
lacteals of the body. --Bacon.

3. To engross or engage wholly; to occupy fully; as, absorbed
in study or the pursuit of wealth.

4. To take up by cohesive, chemical, or any molecular action,
as when charcoal absorbs gases. So heat, light, and
electricity are absorbed or taken up in the substances
into which they pass. --Nichol. --p. 8

Syn: To Absorb, Engross, Swallow up, Engulf.

Usage: These words agree in one general idea, that of
completely taking up. They are chiefly used in a
figurative sense and may be distinguished by a
reference to their etymology. We speak of a person as
absorbed (lit., drawn in, swallowed up) in study or
some other employment of the highest interest. We
speak of a person as ebgrossed (lit., seized upon in
the gross, or wholly) by something which occupies his
whole time and thoughts, as the acquisition of wealth,
or the attainment of honor. We speak of a person
(under a stronger image) as swallowed up and lost in
that which completely occupies his thoughts and
feelings, as in grief at the death of a friend, or in
the multiplied cares of life. We speak of a person as
engulfed in that which (like a gulf) takes in all his
hopes and interests; as, engulfed in misery, ruin,
etc.



That grave question which had begun to absorb the
Christian mind -- the marriage of the clergy. --Milman.

Too long hath love engrossed Britannia's stage, And sunk
to softness all our tragic rage. --Tickell.

Should not the sad occasion swallow up My other cares?
--Addison.

And in destruction's river Engulf and swallow those. --Sir
P. Sidney.

Synonyms: assimilate, draw, engage, engross, engulf, imbibe, immerse, ingest, occupy, plunge, soak up, soak up, sop up, steep, suck, suck up, take in, take in, take in, take over, take up

Antonyms: emit, give off, give out

See Also: aspirate, assimilate, attract, blend, blot, center, centre, coalesce, combine, commingle, concentrate, conflate, consume, draw in, drink, drink in, flux, focus, fund, fuse, imbibe, immix, interest, involve, larn, learn, meld, merge, mix, mop, mop up, pore, pull, pull in, reabsorb, resorb, rivet, sorb, sponge up, suck, suck in, suck in, wipe up

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