Definitions for: Nitroglycerin

[n] a heavy yellow poisonous oily explosive liquid obtained by nitrating glycerol; used in making explosives and medically as a vasodilator (trade names Nitrospan and Nitrostat)

Webster (1913) Definition: Ni`tro*glyc"er*in, n. [Nitro- + glycerinn.]
A liquid appearing like a heavy oil, colorless or yellowish,
and consisting of a mixture of several glycerin salts of
nitric acid, and hence more properly called {glycerin
nitrate}. It is made by the action of nitric acid on glycerin
in the presence of sulphuric acid. It is extremely unstable
and terribly explosive. A very dilute solution is used in
medicine as a neurotic under the name of glonion. [Written
also nitroglycerine.]

Note: A great number of explosive compounds have been
produced by mixing nitroglycerin with different
substances; as, dynamite, or giant powder,
nitroglycerin mixed with siliceous earth;
lithofracteur, nitroglycerin with gunpowder, or with
sawdust and nitrate of sodium or barium; Colonia
powder, gunpowder with nitroglycerin; dualin,
nitroglycerin with sawdust, or with sawdust and nitrate
of potassium and some other substances; lignose, wood
fiber and nitroglycerin.

Synonyms: glyceryl trinitrate, nitroglycerine, Nitrospan, Nitrostat, trinitroglycerin

See Also: blasting gelatin, cordite, dynamite, nitrate, vasodilative, vasodilator

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