Definitions for: Gender

[n] the properties that distinguish organisms on the basis of their reproductive roles; "she didn't want to know the sex of the foetus"
[n] a grammatical category in inflected languages governing the agreement between nouns and pronouns and adjectives; in some languages it is quite arbitrary but in Indo-European languages it is usually based on sex or animateness

Webster (1913) Definition: Gen"der, n. [OF. genre, gendre (with excrescent d.), F.
genre, fr. L. genus, generis, birth, descent, race, kind,
gender, fr. the root of genere, gignere, to beget, in pass.,
to be born, akin to E. kin. See Kin, and cf. Generate,
Genre, Gentle, Genus.]
1. Kind; sort. [Obs.] ``One gender of herbs.'' --Shak.

2. Sex, male or female. [Obs. or Colloq.]

3. (Gram.) A classification of nouns, primarily according to
sex; and secondarily according to some fancied or imputed
quality associated with sex.

Gender is a grammatical distinction and applies to
words only. Sex is natural distinction and applies
to living objects. --R. Morris.

Note: Adjectives and pronouns are said to vary in gender when
the form is varied according to the gender of the words
to which they refer.

Gen"der, v. t. [imp. & p. p. Gendered; p. pr. & vb.
n. Gendering.] [OF. gendrer, fr. L. generare. See Gender,
To beget; to engender.

Gen"der, v. i.
To copulate; to breed. [R.] --Shak.

Synonyms: grammatical gender, sex, sexuality

See Also: androgyny, bisexuality, femaleness, feminine, feminineness, grammatical category, hermaphroditism, maleness, masculine, masculinity, neuter, physiological property, syntactic category

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